jeremie

Giraffe relocation phase II launched in Murchison Falls National Park

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Today was launched Operation Twiga Phase II in Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP), Uganda. In 2015, some giraffes were translocated South to the Nile to expand the giraffes territory in MFNP, from where they were found absent.

 

With the technical consultant Julian Fennessy from the Giraffe Conservation Foundation, UWA is currently working in the conservation of the Nubian giraffe in the country. Ugandan giraffes were formerly considered as an endangered sub-species called Rothschild's giraffe. There are about 2100 animals worldwide, and their stronghold in Uganda is to be found in MFNP Paraa sector North of the mighty Nile river. UWA decided to introduce / or re-introduce animals to build new population in Lake Mburo National Park, and MFNP Southern sector. The aim is to lower the risks if a catastrophe would happen in Paraa sector. Nubian giraffes are present in Western Ethiopia (Gambela National Park), Western Kenya, and Southern Sudan.

 

Further information about Operation Twiga can be found here, and details are provided concerning the different populations of this vulnerable sub-species:

https://giraffeconservation.org/programmes/uganda-programme/

 

Giraffe taxonomy is pretty difficult and new discoveries are not yet all widely accepted by the international scientific community. It was formerly recognized a single giraffe species with 9 sub-species. The Giraffe Conservation Foundation started a genetic analyze of all the giraffe sub-populations and proposed that instead of a single species, there are 4 different species:

- The Northern Giraffe divided in 3 different sub-species (Western giraffe only to be found in Niger, the Kordofan giraffe located in Central Africa, and the Nubian giraffe now also including the Rotschild's giraffe).

- The Masaii giraffe.

- The reticulated giraffe.

- The Southern giraffe divided into 2 sub-species (South African giraffe and the Angolan giraffe).

 

UWA is also working in reinforcing Kidepo National Park kob population. With only 40 animals estimated in this park located in the Karamoja region in North Eastern Uganda, it was decided to translocate between 100 and 200 animals from MFNP where Ugandan kobs are thriving.

http://www.ugandawildlife.org/news/item/453-uwa-starts-translocation-of-kobs-to-kidepo

 

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Thanks for this interesting post @jeremie

 

Am wondering which species the Thorneycroft Giraffe of South Luangwa belongs to?

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Posted (edited)

@Caracal: These giraffes genetics is similar to the giraffes located in Tanzania and Southern Kenya. They are thus Masai giraffes!

https://giraffeconservation.org/programmes/giraffe-conservation-status/

https://giraffeconservation.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Zambia-profile-no-map.pdf

Edited by jeremie
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@jeremie Thanks for posting an update. I remember seeing the BBC Natural World episode on the first relocation http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07hp89f I don't suppose the `BBC will do another programme but there are still some clips from the original online.

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@Jeremie I had the priviledge of meeting Julian Fennesy las year at Sarara Camp on my first visit last year. He recommended that I visit Kidepo National in Uganda and I certainly will. I am glad the UWA is showing some real interest in the wildlife and actually doing something substantial.

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