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Dam building and conflict

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A new analysis commissioned by the United Nations uses a comprehensive combination of social, economic, political and environmental factors to identify areas around the world most at-risk for "hydro-political" strife. This river basins study was part of the U.N.'s Transboundary Waters Assessment Program.


The study is worldwide  , of the areas of most interest here , the problems are likely to come from in the next 15 to 30 years  from dams and water diversion problems  .


  • Ethiopia  building dams on the tributaries on the Nile river, and diverting water from countries upstream.  Population growth and drought could make this worse
  • the Orange and Limpopo rivers in Southern Africa 
  • climate models suggest that the Orinoco River Basin in northern Brazil and the Amazon Basin in upper South America may face drier conditions, which could problems 


During  this period the number of proposed trans boundary dams or water diversions is Asia 807,South America, 354; Europe, 148; Africa, 99; and North America, 8.

Africa has a higher level of hydro-political tension


report continues


the study 

Assessment of transboundary river basins for potential hydro-political tensions by L. De Stefano and others can be found at et al. Global Env Change 2017.pdf


a number of proposed water projects are affected by several political, environmental and socio-economic factors which could create tension


one of the authors has entered it in full PDF form at his university site


looking at the study Lake Turkana is regarded as having a very high risk of conflict



well  the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) under construction on the Blue Nile in northern Ethiopia, near the Sudan border is already being spoken of a cause for lower water flow into Egypt


please see


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