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Found 22 results

  1. In the first such global evaluation, biologists found more than 30 percent of all vertebrates have declining populations. They call for curbs on the basic drivers of these losses. article continues www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170710161009.htm we are making a waste world I for one refuse to worship an artificial human so called civilisation
  2. Scientists studying African wild dogs in Botswana have found that that they use sneezes to vote on when the pack will move off and start hunting. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royprsb/284/1862/20170347.full.pdf University of New South Wales. "Something to sneeze about: Democratic voting in African wild dog packs." ScienceDaily. 5 September 2017. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/09/170905202954.htm
  3. PEER J published the great elephant census report so I put myself on their email list this came from them recently quoting briefly a popular report https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/vbbpk4/hunt-moose-to-save-caribou-that-are-killed-by-wolves-scientists-say Caribou are facing a lot of threats. On top of hunting and habitat destruction, invasive species play a large role in the caribou's decline, according to Robert Serrouya, a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Alberta. Managing these species, including moose and white-tailed deer, could also be the key to stabilizing the caribou population, according to his new study published in PeerJ. in it there was a link to another story and a SCIENCE ADVANCES article http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/advances/3/4/e1601365.full.pdf
  4. study of museum specimens of the spine of both woolly and modern rhinos gives rise to concern the cervical rib is absent this is often associated with inbreeding and adverse environmental conditions during pregnancy it has been recently found that mammoths had a rate of this condition 10 times greater than modern elephants the team considers that this could been connected to the extinction of both species there is also concern about the lack of diversity in modern rhinos , and it is recommended that their spines be monitored
  5. this looks interesting here is a report on long term monitoring of a section of Atlantic forest , they are very biodiverse please see Écio Diniz, Warley Carvalho, Rubens Santos, Markus Gastauer, Paulo Garcia, Marco Fontes, Polyanne Coelho, Aline Moreira, Gisele Menino, Ary Oliveira-Filho. Long-term monitoring of diversity and structure of two stands of an Atlantic Tropical Forest. Biodiversity Data Journal, 2017; 5: e13564 DOI: 10.3897/BDJ.5.e13564 rvaytsyftatyrrzzxs
  6. This looks interesting Journal Reference: Ismael Galván, Jorge García-Campa, Juan J. Negro. Complex Plumage Patterns Can Be Produced Only with the Contribution of Melanins. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 2017; 90 (5): 600 DOI: 10.1086/693962 University of Chicago Press Journals. "How do birds get their colors? The role of melanins in creating complex plumage patterns in 9,000 species." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 August 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/08/170805142503.htm
  7. due to advances in technology it has become possible to extract more DNA from old fossils now it is believe that forest elephants are more closely related to extinct ancestors than modern savannah elephants please see Meyer, M., Palkopoulou, E., Baleka, S., Stiller, M., Penkman, K. E., Alt, K. W., … & Meller, H. (2017). Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution. eLife, 6. https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/33490794/5461109.pdf?sequence=1
  8. a whole lot of things are unknown including what would happen to hunting lands if hunting ceased please see open access David W. Macdonald, Andrew J. Loveridge, Amy Dickman, Paul J. Johnson, Kim S. Jacobsen, Byron Du Preez. Lions, trophy hunting and beyond: knowledge gaps and why they matter. Mammal Review, 2017; DOI: 10.1111/mam.12096 : Wiley. "What does trophy hunting contribute to wild lion conservation?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 July 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170731091049.htm
  9. Three concurrent studies were done monitored a total of 73 wild dog packs at sites in Kenya, Botswana and Zimbabwe, over a combined 42 years of study. further work is needed ,but pup survival may be adversely affected by rising temperatures for a brief report please see https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170720100513.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Fplants_animals%2Fextinction+(Extinction+News+--+ScienceDaily) for the article see Rosie Woodroffe, Rosemary Groom, J. Weldon McNutt. Hot dogs: High ambient temperatures impact reproductive success in a tropical carnivore. Journal of Animal Ecology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2656.12719/epdf
  10. an extensive survey was done the number killed have been massive the illegal trade is huge recovery will be difficult as they breed slowly for a report see Journal Reference: Daniel J. Ingram, Lauren Coad, Katharine A. Abernethy, Fiona Maisels, Emma J. Stokes, Kadiri S. Bobo, Thomas Breuer, Edson Gandiwa, Andrea Ghiurghi, Elizabeth Greengrass, Tomas Holmern, Towa O. W. Kamgaing, Anne-Marie Ndong Obiang, John R. Poulsen, Judith Schleicher, Martin R. Nielsen, Hilary Solly, Carrie L. Vath, Matthias Waltert, Charlotte E. L. Whitham, David S. Wilkie, Jӧrn P.W. Scharlemann. Assessing Africa-Wide Pangolin Exploitation by Scaling Local Data. Conservation Letters, 2017; DOI: 10.1111/conl.12389 : University of Sussex. "Pangolins at huge risk as study shows dramatic increases in hunting across Central Africa: First study of its kind shows true scale of problem facing world's most illegally traded mammal." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 July 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170719100526.htm>.
  11. The majority of the world's terrestrial large carnivores have undergone substantial range contractions and many of these species are currently threatened with extinction. the study found the following reductions for Africa Ethiopian wolf 99.3% lion 93.7% wild dog 92.2% cheetah 91.5% leopard 79.4% hyneas brown 27.2% spotted 24% and striped 15.1% please see http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/7/170052 the study notes that the growth of cropping and cattle raising is associated with the decline of predators Range contractions of the world's large carnivores Christopher Wolf, William J. Ripple Published 12 July 2017.DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170052
  12. After observing the mating habits of chacma baboons living in the wild over a four-year period, researchers have found that males of the species often use long-term sexual intimidation to control their mates. The findings suggest that this mating strategy has a long history in primates, including humans, and may be widespread across social mammals -- especially when males of a species are typically larger than females. press release continues https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170706121209.htm . for the article http://www.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/S0960-9822(17)30714-5.pdf
  13. ostriches have a double knee cap for a brief report please see https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170703083313.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Fplants_animals%2Fanimals+(Animals+News+--+ScienceDaily) open access article http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royopensci/4/6/170133.full.pdf understanding this is a source of possible improvements to surgical prosthesis
  14. African leopards revealed: Study documents minute-to-minute behavior of elusive cats Results illuminate the energetic 'cost' of their drive to kill and pave the way for greater understanding of the ecosystem impacts of predation Date: June 21, 2017Source:University of California - Santa Cruz Summary: The elusive behavior of the African leopard has been revealed in great detail for the first time as part of a sophisticated study that links the majestic cat's caloric demands and its drive to kill. ARTICLE CONTINES Journal is open access www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170621190032.htm it is based on 5 collared cats in the Laikipia district of Kenya an interesting starting point and the study is not too technical for ordinary readers
  15. Using a combination of satellite and ground data, a research team can map multiple indicators of monkey distribution, including human activity zones as inferred from roads and settlements, direct detections from mosquito-derived iDNA, animal sound recordings, plus detections of other species that are usually found when monkeys are present, such as other large vertebrates. ARTICLE CONTINUES Alex Bush, Rahel Sollmann, Andreas Wilting, Kristine Bohmann, Beth Cole, Heiko Balzter, Christopher Martius, András Zlinszky, Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Christina A. Cobbold, Terence P. Dawson, Brent C. Emerson, Simon Ferrier, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Martin Herold, Laurence Jones, Fabian H. Leendertz, Louise Matthews, James D. A. Millington, John R. Olson, Otso Ovaskainen, Dave Raffaelli, Richard Reeve, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Torrey W. Rodgers, Stewart Snape, Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers, Alfried P. Vogler, Piran C. L. White, Martin J. Wooster, Douglas W. Yu. Connecting Earth observation to high-throughput biodiversity data. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2017; 1 (7): 0176 DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0176 Cite This Page: MLA APA Chicago University of Leicester. "Satellite data to map endangered monkey populations on Earth." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 June 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170622121932.htm>. University of Leicester. (2017, June 22). Satellite data to map endangered monkey populations on Earth. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 28, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170622121932.htm University of Leicester. "Satellite data to map endangered monkey populations on Earth." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170622121932.htm (accessed June 28, 2017). Article in PDF http://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0176.pdf it is technical and beyond understanding by someone who is not trained as a scientist
  16. Panda love spreads to benefit the planet Date: June 26, 2017 Source: Michigan State University Summary: Loving pandas isn't just a feel-good activity. Recent work shows China's decades of defending panda turf have been good not just for the beloved bears, but also protects habitat for other valuable plants and animals, boosts biodiversity and fights climate change. article continues farms have been converted to forests Journal Reference: Andrés Viña, Jianguo Liu. Hidden roles of protected areas in the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Ecosphere, 2017; 8 (6): e01864 DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1864 OPEN ACCESS Cite This Page: Michigan State University. "Panda love spreads to benefit the planet." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 June 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170626105820.htm>. Michigan State University. (2017, June 26). Panda love spreads to benefit the planet. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 27, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170626105820.htm Michigan State University. "Panda love spreads to benefit the planet." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170626105820.htm (accessed June 27, 2017).
  17. New research reveals that a species of giant elephant that lived 1.5 million to 100,000 years ago -- ranging across Eurasia before it went extinct -- is more closely related to today's African forest elephant than the forest elephant is to its nearest living relative, the African savanna elephant. The study challenges a long-held assumption among paleontologists that the extinct giant, Palaeoloxodon antiquus, was most closely related to the Asian elephant. The findings, reported in the journal eLife, also add to the evidence that today's African elephants belong to two distinct species, not one, as was once assumed. For more information and an open access journal link please see Genetic study shakes up the elephant family tree." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170606112809.htm (accessed June 7, 2017).
  18. this is based on 2 wild roaming matriarchs they don't sleep that much at all , only an average of 2 hours per night mainly between 2 and 6 am and often standing up most previous studies have been done with captive elephants for this study please see PLOS ONE 1 MAR 2017 N Gravett et al INACTIVITY/SLEEP IN TWO WILD FREE ROAMING AFRICAN ELEPHANT MATRIACHS DOES LARGE BODY SIZE MAKE ELEPHANTS THE SHORTEST MAMMALIAN SLEEPERS? If you just put elephant sleep plos into Google you should find it I tried a link but it did not work
  19. with longer term safari hunting and ongoing serious poaching , the genetic diversity of black rhinos has greatly declined this has implication for how they will be able to adapt to future challanges including climate change very interestingly the historic range of the western black rhino , declared extinct in 2011, goes into southern Kenya, a few remain in the mara please see http://www.sciencedaily.com search black rhinos the piece is called rethink need to save critically endangered black rhinos , there is an article link at the end go to scientific reports , the article was published 9 FEB 2017 EXTINCTIONS,GENETIC EROSION AND CONSERVATION OPTIONS FOR BLACK RHINOCEROS DICEROS BICORNIS
  20. please see http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/3/10/160498.figures-only this is the first study of its type it looks interesting the main purpose of hunting is for meat,medicine,ornamental use and the pet trade the heavily hunted animals have ranges mainly outside protected areas the main animals affected by hunting are also under pressure from habitat detorotiation, expansion of agriculture, livestock and human settlement
  21. here is a major appeal from 42 scientists to save endangered wildlife William J Ripple and others Saving the world's terrestrial megafauna BIOSCIENCE ADVANCE dated 24 July 2016 Please see http://www.bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/07/25.biw092.full.pdf+html the article documents the poor state of affairs and makes an appeal for remedial action
  22. Journal of Peasant Studies | May 2015 http://farmlandgrab.org/post/view/24920   Global land grabbing and political reactions 'from below' JPS has released a special issue on 'global land grabbing and political reactions from below', guest edited by Marc Edelman, Ruth Hall, Ian Scoones, Ben White and Wendy Wolford! The collection is free access for a limited period through the following URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/r/fjps-42-3 The special issue demonstrates that political reactions ‘from below’ to global land grabbing have been vastly more varied and complex than is usually assumed. The special issue is a collection of ground-breaking studies that discuss responses that range from various types of organized and everyday resistance to demands for incorporation or for better terms of incorporation into land deals We also invite you (re)visit the (still free access!) special issue on food sovereignty (41.6) and another one that includes financialization of agriculture/food (41.5) where the award-winning article of Madeleine Fairbairn appears: http://www.tandfonline.com/r/fjps-41-6 critical perspectives on food sovereignty, JPS 41(6)

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