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There are five species of tapir around the world one in South East Asia and four in the Americas, since I’ve been lucky enough to have seen three of them I thought I’d start a tapir thread. So if you have any photos or videos of any of the following species please add them to this thread. Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus) Is the largest and perhaps oddest looking species with its distinctive black & white colouration, this rainforest species is distributed along the Tenasserim Mts. from the borders of south eastern Burma and south west Thailand south along the Malay Peninsula and on the neighbouring island of Sumatra in Indonesia. There are no confirmed records from elsewhere in the region, it’s sometimes suggested that this species once occurred in Cambodia, southern Laos and southern Vietnam and is now extinct there; however the forests where tapirs were reputed to occur are too dry to support this species. They’ve never been reported from the wetter forests of the Annamite Mts. on the Laos/Vietnam border where tapirs could survive so it’s likely that the species was never found in any of these countries in recent historical times. Range map Baird’s tapir (Tapirus bairdii) This species is the largest of the American tapirs and the largest native mammal in Central America where it is distributed from southern Mexico south to the far North West of Colombia west of the Andes in South America. Range map Mountain tapir (Tapirus pinchaque) This small species also known as the woolly or Andean Tapir is found in cloud forests between 2000 and 4000 metres, alpine meadows and páramo grassland in the northern Andes in Colombia, Ecuador and a very small area of northern Peru. It has disappeared from the north of Colombia and may once have occurred over the border in western Venezuela but if it did it’s extinct there now. Range map Lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) Also known as the Brazilian tapir this species is found throughout lowland tropical South America east of the Andes Range map Kabomani tapir (Tapirus kabomani) This the smallest of the five species is also known as the little black tapir, remarkably this species found in the Amazon in southern Colombia and southwestern Brazil was only recognised in 2013. Despite the fact that native Amerindian peoples in this region have always known that there are two distinct tapir species, not only that but Theodore Roosevelt on one of his hunting trips to Brazil back in 1912 shot one. At the time he believed that the animal he’d shot was different to any of the lowland tapirs that he had previously shot, that the skull in particular was noticeably different and that it was probably a new species as he was aware that the natives recognised two species. However the American Museum of Natural History in New York where this specimen still resides disagreed and decided that Roosevelt’s tapir was just another lowland tapir. Throughout the 20th Century zoologists continued to ignore the views of Amerindian hunters that there were two distinct tapir species in lowland South America. It wasn’t until this century when Brazilian palaeontologist Mario Cozzuol started to really examine tapir skulls that it became apparent that the Amerindians and Roosevelt were right. Scientists make one of the biggest animal discoveries of the century - a new tapir
jeremie posted a topic in World wildlifeMalaysia is about to create a million hectares of ocean and island under formal protection along the coast of the state of Sabah: http://wwf.panda.org/wwf_news/?245575/Prestigious-award-to-Malaysia-for-protecting-one-million-hectares-of-ocean http://www.sabahparks.org.my/the-parks/tun-mustapha-park-proposed-park
The WWF has just tweeted Malaysia's decision to punt for the first time their tiger population. http://tigers.panda.org http://www.conservationassured.org/cats_wp/cat/approved-area/ I assume further information will be soon published concerning the methodology and dates. Malaysia is home to two tiger sub-species: indonchinese in the north of the peninsula, and malayan confined to the south of the peninsula. I am not sure about the differences but it has been genetically proved they should be considered as different sub-species. I am not sure we have genetical samples form the Northern Malaysian tigers, it would be really interesting to confirm they are from the indochinese sub-species. I have no idea why two sub-species co-exist in the same country, what barriers made them evolve differently with no o very little movements between both areas. While it was estimating Malaysia had 500 tigers decades ago, new estimations based on camera traps campaigns between 2010 and 2013, showed that the tiger population plunges to a minimum of 250 tigers, with a upper limit of 340 individuals. http://news.mongabay.com/2014/0916-hance-malayan-tiger-drop.html In southern Malaysia, tigers live in three main complexes, some highly fragmented: - Greater Tamang Negara (15.000 km2) - Main Range (20.000 km2), - Endau-Rompin Forest Complex (2500 km2). Panthera currently works in Endau-Rompin and Tamang Negara complexes. Let's hope Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand will follow this great decision!
Hi all, I've just joined and thought I'd post a trip report from my recent Easter trip to Borneo by way of an introduction. I'll post in sections with photos from each... the first instalment isn't too exciting but sets the scene for the next few. My 2 week safari to was to Sabah in Northern Borneo. 7 nights of it were spent on Safari with 3 in Kota Kinabalu (1 night at the start and 2 at the end). Borneo is so different from Africa where I've travelled to regularly since 2001. The heat and humidity of the rainforest is so different from the dry heat of the savannah and the changing light conditions have spoilt many a shot I've taken, but it's well worth the effort for the amazing flora and fauna that abounds on the island. Kota Kinabalu My safari started, as all do, in Kota Kinabalu, otherwise known as KK. I arrived in KK on an afternoon flight from Hong Kong. The thing you notice most upon arrival is that there are no queues in the immigration hall, it's straight through with no fuss at all. Within minutes you've picked up your bag and are outside looking for your transfer to the hotel for an overnight stay. I normally stop at a cash point here and pick up local currency for the stay which I use mostly for tips, using my card in hotels whenever possible. I stay at the Hyatt Regency in KK on my first evening as it's only 15-20 minutes from the airport and it's always an early start whether flying to Sandakan or as I was this time flying to Lahad Datu. I had a 5am start the next day so being fairly close gave me a little more sleep time. The hotel is fantastic, located right by the sea and has all the amenities you could wish for, you can check it out here http://www.kinabalu.regency.hyatt.com/hyatt/hotels-kinabalu-regency/index.jsp?null The food is buffet style with a good selection on offer from European to local dishes and has a piano bar adjacent to the dining area where you can relax with a beer. There is a supermarket located outside if you forget anything and numerous bars and restaurants in the local area. The rooms are spacious and modern and I couldn't pick fault with the one I had. Wifi is free. It's really only a bed for the night so there isn't much to add except I'd have been happy to stay for longer had I wanted to see more of KK. The sunsets are really exceptional looking over the South China Sea: Part 2 is the trip from KK to Lahad Datu and on to Tabin Wildlife Reserve.
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